Course Code: GPH
Term: October 2016
Start Date: Oct 10 2016
End Date: Dec 26 2016
Duration: 11 weeks
This course has ended
Health was recognized as a cornerstone of human development in the Millennium Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), with three goals explicitly linked to health indicators, and others in some way linked to health. However, since the framing of the MDGs, the world has been witness to significant demographic and epidemiological transitions. While the threat of communicable diseases persists, there is a growing burden of non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, respiratory illnesses, cancers, and diabetes, especially in low and middle income countries. These are attributable to traditional risk factors like alcohol and tobacco use, unhealthy diets and lack of physical activity, and increasing exposure to risk factors like air pollution, inadequate access to clean water and sanitation facilities, climate change, and natural disasters.
Health has intrinsic value, especially when framed as a basic human right, but has added importance when framed in the context of progress on the social, economic and environmental pillars of sustainable development. Health is influenced by environment, food systems, energy security, transport, trade and human migration. Health also has a positive influence on other sectors, with investments in health shown to have a positive impact on economic development. Improved health is also essential to achieving other development goals such as poverty reduction, gender empowerment, universal education and conflict resolution. The intersection of health with so many other sectors therefore necessitates an across the board approach to addressing health in any sustainable development agenda post-2015.
Public health looks at the determinants of health which act at the level of populations or people as a whole, and then tries to influence those determinants so that ultimately the impact is on improving the health of individuals. This course provides a comprehensive understanding of the interdisciplinary field of Public Health from a global perspective. The concepts outlined in this course will bring to light the vital importance social, economic and environmental factors affecting the health of populations, and of good health for all in achieving sustainable development. These concepts aim at portraying a holistic view of global health and creating awareness about current challenges in global public health, as well as defining the importance of good health in the broader vision of sustainable development.
This course will cover a broad range of topics, starting with an introduction to the basic tenets of public health, and the importance of social determinants. Moving on, we discuss the global burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases, and highlight the appropriate public health responses. We then discuss the importance of health systems in promoting the health of populations, and the different methods employed around the world to achieve universality in access to health services. The course also address new and emerging issues including environment change, technologies, and global governance, emphasizing the links to health in each case.
This 10-week course is structured around a series of pre-recorded lectures, readings, quizzes and an interactive discussion forum. Each of these course components can be completed at a time that is convenient for the student. The material for each week is made available each Monday, and once the material has been opened, it remains open for the duration of the course. There will be no mandatory written assignments for the course but the course encourages active participation in the discussion forum.
In addition to the asynchronous components of the course, instructors will hold 3 real-time Google Hangouts to encourage students to ask questions and engage directly with experts. These Hangouts will be announced 1-2 weeks in advance. As a guideline, in order for students to become part of the community, engage with the content and get the most out of the course, they should aim to spend approximately 5-6 hours per week.
All students who successfully complete the course requirements will receive a digital certificate of completion signed by Professor K. Srinath Reddy. Students that participate actively on the forum discussions will receive certificates of completion with distinction. While this course is not credit granting, we encourage students to work with their own institutions to explore the option of granting credit for online coursework. More details will be provided following the launch of the course.
Lecture 1: Introduction to Public Health
Chapter 1: Introduction & History of Public Health
Chapter 2: Multiple Determinants of Health
Chapter 3: Evolution of Global Public Health
Chapter 4: Measuring Health Status
Lecture 2: Trends in Public Health
Chapter 1: Demographic and Epidemiological Transitions
Chapter 2: Economics to Equity in Health
Chapter 3: Globalization and Its Impact on Public Health
Lecture 3: Infectious Diseases
Chapter 1: The Changing Patterns of Infectious Diseases in Time and Place
Chapter 2: Control, Elimination, Eradication, Extinction
Chapter 3: Zoonoses
Chapter 4: New and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases
Chapter 5: Childhood Diseases with a Focus on Diarrhea and Pneumonia
Lecture 4: Maternal and Child Health
Chapter 1: Child Health: Trends and Challenges
Chapter 2: Maternal Health: Trends and Challenges
Chapter 3: The Long Shadow of Childhood Undernutrition
Lecture 5: Non-Communicable Diseases – Part I
Chapter 1: Introduction to NCDs
Chapter 2: Impact of Tobacco Abuse
Chapter 3: Diet and Physical Activity-I
Chapter 4: Diet and Physical Activity-II
Chapter 5: Overweight, Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus
Lecture 6: Non-Communicable Diseases – Part II
Chapter 1: Cardiovascular Disease
Chapter 2: Cancers
Chapter 3: Respiratory Illnesses
Chapter 4: Mental Health
Chapter 5: Injuries (Road Traffic Accidents and Alcohol)
Lecture 7: Health Systems – Part I
Chapter 1: Introduction to Health Systems
Chapter 2: Delivering Health Services
Chapter 3: Health Systems Financing
Chapter 4: The Political Economy of Health Systems and Universal Health Coverage
Lecture 8: Health Systems – Part II
Chapter 1: Access to Medicines - I
Chapter 2: Access to Medicines - II
Chapter 3: Working Towards Health for All
Chapter 4: Governance Mechanisms
Lecture 9: Environment and Health
Chapter 1: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Chapter 2: Climate Change and Health
Chapter 3: Disasters
Lecture 10: Public Health in the 21st Century
Chapter 1: Health technologies, Telemedicine and mHealth
Chapter 2: The Threat of Antibiotic Resistance
Chapter 3: The Challenge of Aging Populations
Chapter 4: Health and Sustainable Development - I
Chapter 5: Health and Sustainable Development - II
Chapter 6: The Future of Public Health
Prof K. Srinath Reddy, Lead Instructor
Prof Reddy is the president of the Public Health Foundation of India, and the co-chair of the thematic group on “Health for All” of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network. He has chaired the High Level Expert Group on Universal Health Coverage, set up by the Planning Commission of India. He was the first Bernard Lown Visiting Professor of Cardiovascular Health at the Harvard School of Public Health. Earlier, Prof Reddy served as the head of the cardiology department at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences. Prof Reddy is a global leader in preventive cardiology and has provided instrumental direction to strengthening training, research and policy development in the area of Public Health.
Dr Richard Cash, Instructor
Dr Richard Cash is a Visiting Professor in Public Health and an Advisor in Global Health at the Public Health Foundation of India. He has held several academic appointments at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, the Harvard Institute for International Development in Cambridge, the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health and the University of Maryland. He is also a visiting professor at the James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. In 2007, Dr. Cash was presented the Prince Mahidol Award in Public Health by Thailand for his work on Oral Rehydration Therapy. Dr Cash is a member of the “Health for All” thematic group of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
Prof Vinod Paul, Instructor
Prof Vinod Paul is the Professor and Head of the Department of Paediatrics at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. He is also the director of the WHO Collaborating Centre on Newborn Health for South East Asia Region. Prof Paul was instrumental in launching the neonatal resuscitation program in India, Bangladesh, Maldives and Sri Lanka, and in developing the maternal and child health strategy of the India’s Reproductive and Child Health program. He has been a member of several committees and expert groups of the Indian Planning Commission, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the Department of Women and Child Health, Department of Biotechnology and the Indian Council of Medical Research. He was the Senior Policy Advisor, Saving Newborn Lives (Save the Children) in 2002-04, and a member of the United Nations Millennium Project Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health (2005-05). Prof Paul is a member of the “Health for All” thematic group of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
Mr Rob Yates, Instructor
Mr. Yates is an internationally recognized expert on universal health coverage (UHC) and progressive health financing. He is a Senior Fellow of Chatham House, Royal Institute of International Affairs, in London where he is Project Director of the UHC Policy Forum. His principal area of expertise is in the political economy of UHC, with a focus on advising political leaders and government ministries on how to plan, finance and implement national UHC reforms. He has previously worked as a Senior Health Economist with the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) and the World Health Organization (WHO), advising numerous governments in Asia and Africa on health financing policy and health system reforms. Rob is also a member of the “Health for All” Thematic Group of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
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Global Public Health